Groningen Growth and Development Centre


The Groningen Growth and Development Centre (GGDC) is a research group of economists and economic historians at the Economics Department of the University of Groningen, founded in June 1992. The group carries out research on comparative analysis of levels of economic performance and differences in growth rates in the world economy.


The GGDC maintains several databases, which are listed below. The Total Economy Database is the only one to be examined in detail in this report.

  1. The Total Economy Database provides data on 125 countries about gross national products, annual working hours, employment and population.
  2. The Total Economy Growth Accounting Database has been set up to assess the impact of IT on aggregate economic growth performance in the European Union and the United States. It contains data on gross fixed capital formation at constant and current prices for six assets types, including three IT assets, together with growth rates of capital stocks and services.
  3. The 10-Sector Database consists of series on real GDP in national currencies, employment and, in some cases, annual working hours by broad sectors of the economy for about 20 countries across North America, Europe, Asia and Latin America from 1950 onwards.
  4. The EU KLEMS Database contains measures of economic growth, productivity, employment creation, capital formation and technological change at the industrial level for European Union member states (and some additional OECD-members) from 1970 onwards. Preceding databases: The 60-Industry Database and the Industry Growth Accounting Database.
  5. The GGDC Productivity Level Database provides comparisons of output, inputs and productivity at a detailed industry level for a set of thirty OECD countries. It complements the EU KLEMS growth and productivity accounts by providing comparative levels and follows it in terms of country and industry coverage, variable definition and basic data. Preceding database: The International Comparison of Output and Productivity by Industry Database (ICOP).
  6. The Historical National Accounts Database provides information on Gross Domestic Product, including an industry breakdown, for the 19th and 20th centuries. It gives the user GDP estimates at current as well as constant prices, and presents more detailed estimates at an industry level.
  7. Maddison Historical Statistics provide data on Population, GDP and GDP per capita for all countries in the world for the period 0-2008.

Total Economy Database


Groningen Growth and Development Centre


Excel, txt, PDF




123 countries

Last reviewed


Data types and sources

Data based on official registers and national accounts, compiled from international organisations such as the OECD and the Vienna Institute for Comparative Economic Studies. The data are subsequently converted into comparable data. Since the late 1990s this database has been developed and maintained mainly by Groningen Growth and Development Centre, but as of the summer of 2007 the database has been transferred from the University of Groningen to The Conference Board (a business membership and research organization) and is maintained there.

Data download

Total Economy Database


The Total Economy Database consists of time-series data on: Real Gross Domestic Product, Population, Employment, Annual Working Hours, GDP per Capita, GDP per Person Employed, GDP per Hour Worked, Labor Compensation Share, Change in Labor Composition, Growth in non-ICT Capital Services, Growth in ICT Capital Services, and Growth in Total Factor Productivity.

Geographical coverage

The database covers 123 countries.

Time coverage and updates

First data are from 1950. Updated twice a year, in January and September.


Data sources are presented on the website, and a more detailed description is available for download.

Access conditions and cost

Available free of charge.

Access procedures

Predefined tables. The database with all countries and variables can be downloaded as two country details files in Excel format (Output, Labor, and Labor Productivity; and Growth Accounting and Total Factor Productivity) or as a tab-delimited "flat file" in .txt format with all variables, years, and countries on one sheet, which can be used for loading data into statistical programs. In addition, the site provides separate files with summary statistics and regional aggregations.

Data formats

Excel, PDF and TXT files.

Comparability and data quality

Not examined.